Stefan Karner (Herausgeber), Manfred Wilke (Herausgeber), Barbara Stelzl-Marx (Herausgeber), Natalja Tomilina (Herausgeber), Alexander Tschubarjan (Herausgeber), Günter Bischof (Herausgeber), Viktor IScenko (Herausgeber), Michail ProzumenScikov (Herausgeber), Peter Ruggenthaler (Herausgeber), Gerhard Wettig (Herausgeber).
“Of the many books that have been trying to look at the 1968 Czechoslovak crisis from different perspectives, this is the first one to do so in a balanced way while using substantive new evidence as well.” —Vojtech Mastny, Cold War historian, author of The Cold War and Soviet Insecurity: The Stalin Years On August 20, 1968, tens of thousands of Soviet and East European ground and air forces moved into Czechoslovakia and occupied the country in an attempt to end the “Prague Spring” reforms and restore an orthodox Communist regime.
The leader of the Soviet Communist Party, Leonid Brezhnev, was initially reluctant to use military force and tried to pressure his counterpart in Czechoslovakia, Alexander Dubcˇek, to crack down. But during the summer of 1968, after several months of careful deliberations, the Soviet Politburo finally decided that military force was the only option left. A large invading force of Soviet, Polish, Hungarian, and Bulgarian troops received final orders to move into Czechoslovakia; within twenty-four hours they had established complete military control of Czechoslovakia, bringing an end to hopes for “socialism with a human face.”
A dozen leading European and American Cold War historians analyze this turning point in the Cold War in light of new documentary evidence from the archives of two dozen countries and explain what happened behind the scenes. They also reassess the weak response of the United States and consider whether Washington might have given a “green light,” if only inadvertently, to the Soviet Union prior to the invasion.
Günter Bischof, Csaba Békés, Alessandro Brogi, Mark Carson, Saki Ruth Dockrill Aleksei Filitov, Tvrtko Jakovina, Stefan Karner, Harald Knoll, Petr Kolárˇ, Mark Kramer, Nikita Petrov, Mikhail Prozumenshchikov, Peter Ruggenthaler, Georges-Henri Soutou, Donald P. Steury, Oldrˇich Tu˚ ma, Manfred Wilke, Vladislav Zubok
Günter Bischof is Marshall Plan Professor of History and director of Center Austria at the University of New Orleans.
Stefan Karner is a historian and professor of social and economic history at the University of Graz. He is also director of the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Research on War Consequences in Graz, Austria.
Peter Ruggenthaler is a researcher at the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Research on War Consequences in Graz, Austria.
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